The Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education (DSJIE) is a peer-reviewed journal of the Decision Sciences Institute. Its mission is to publish significant research relevant to teaching, learning, and education in the decision sciences - quantitative and behavioral approaches to managerial decision making. The journal welcomes submissions relevant to the application and practice of the decision sciences both in business and other domains such as, but not limited to, healthcare, product development, and engineering management. Articles submitted to the journal should offer either proven innovation in classroom instruction/delivery, new insights into pedagogy, program development, delivery, or assessment, or empirically based analysis relevant to learning and education in the decision sciences. The goal of the journal is to not only provide resources that can enhance instruction, but serve as a forum for disseminating best practices.